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Neurotransmission (Latin: transmissio “passage, crossing” from transmittere “send, let through”), also called synaptic transmission, is the process by which signaling molecules called neurotransmitters are released by the axon terminal of a neuron (the presynaptic neuron), and bind to and activate the receptors on the dendrites of another neuron (the postsynaptic neuron).

This lecture describes the details of the neuronal action potential. The lecture starts by describing the electrical properties of non-excitable cells as well as excitable cells such as neurons. Then sodium and potassium permeability properties of the neuronal plasma membrane as well as their changes in response to alterations in the membrane potential are used to convey the details of the.

Essay about Neurons Assignment. - 262 Words.

Absolutely FREE essays on Neuron. All examples of topics, summaries were provided by straight-A students. Get an idea for your paper.Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work produced by our Essay Writing Service.You can view samples of our professional work here. Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UK Essays.Introduction. The nervous system is involved in the transmission of signals for communication and for coordination of body systems.The principle cell of the nervous system is a neuron, the neuron components are a cell body, dendrites, axon, synaptic terminals and myelin sheath (not always).The cell body component of the neuron integrates signals and coordinates metabolic activities.


When they are opened ions are able to move in and out of the neuron.. As has been explained, the action potential is propagated along the axon to the tip of the neuron by the inward and outward movement of ions. At the tip the neuron reaches a junction known as the synapse (Campbell, 1990).A neuron, neurone (old British spelling) or nerve cell, is an electrically excitable cell that communicates with other cells via specialized connections called synapses.It is the main component of nervous tissue in all animals except sponges and placozoa. Plants and fungi do not have nerve cells. Neurons are typically classified into three types based on their function.

Neurons Assignment: A neuron is a nerve cell that is the basic building block of the nervous system. Neurons are similar to other cells in the human body in a number of ways, but there is one key difference between neurons and other cells.

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NEURON: BASIC FUNCTION 1. COMMUNICATION WITHIN NEURON: a. Graded potential: A basic type of signal within neuron that results from external physical stimulation of the dendrite or cell body. In contrast to the all-or-nothing nature of action potentials, graded potentials vary in proportion to the size of the stimulus that produced them.

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A postsynaptic potential (PSP) is the graded potential in the dendrites of a neuron that is receiving synapses from other cells. Postsynaptic potentials can be depolarizing or hyperpolarizing. Depolarization in a postsynaptic potential is called an excitatory postsynaptic potential (EPSP) because it causes the membrane potential to move toward threshold.

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An important thing to keep in mind about the action potential is that it is one way, and all or nothing. The action potential starts at the top of the axon and goes down it. Also, if a neuron fires then the action potential is the same regardless of the amount of excitation received from the inputs. What is important in neurons is the rate of fire.

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Start studying Ch. 4 - Neuron Structure and Function. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.

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A typical neuron consists of a cell body, dendrites, axon and an axon terminal. A neuron transmits electrical signals by action potentials. The axon hillock membrane contains sodium potassium ATPases which pump three sodium atoms out for every two potassium molecules pumped into the cell. This helps maintain the resting potential at -70mv.

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Located near the synapse is the neuron’s terminal button, where neurotransmitters— the chemicals that are transmitted from one neuron to another— are stored in sacs.” (Psychology CH.3 pg ) The synaptic vesicles, chemical sacs located in the terminal button, makes the vesicles release neurotransmitters once electric charges from action potentials are experienced.

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